"112" is the Single Emergency number, people in distress can call 24h/7 in all 36 states/UTs of India to get immediate assistance from the fire brigade, a medical team or the police. You can call the number 112 with a fixed or mobile phone. The Single emergency number is free everywhere
112 is a globally recognized single emergency number, adopted by most of European countries, common wealth nations and mapped to emergency numbers in USA and Canada. Most of Phone handsets are manufactured with pre-programmed 112 as emergency number to be dialed with single key press. TRAI allotted this number for the purpose of single emergency number in India in May 2015.
As per Gazette published by Govt of India , all smart phones sold after 1 st Jan 2017 (w.e.f. 1 st April 2017) will have a functionality of panic button which would be activated by pressing power button in succession 3 times in case of a smart phone and the similar functionality in a feature phone would be activatedwith press of numeric key 5 or 9 consistently. This panic button will cause an automatic dialing of emergency number 112.
You can call the emergency number 112 with your mobile phone from all states/UTs. Even when the mobile operator network is not available, you can call the emergency number 112 with your mobile phone.
You speak the language of the State in which you call. If you don't speak this language, you can provide the necessary information in English/Hindi for instance. English/Hindi are the most used languages; in 36 states/UTs you can get assistance in English/Hindi. In some states/UTs they can take your call to the emergency number in the language of the neighboring State/UT as well.
You can also call 112 for an emergency call when you are in India. Emergency calls through the number 112 arrive at this at the same place as the emergency numbers to the number 100. When you need a fire brigade or an ambulance, you thus call the emergency number 112 (or 100). When you call the emergency number 112 in India for the police, you are redirected to the emergency number 100. Because of this, valuable time is saved for dialing multiple numbers.
You can call 112 or 100 when you urgently need a fire brigade, an ambulance or the police. If there is no urgency, you better call the local fire brigade, your general practitioner (outside opening hours you can call the after-hours primary care) or the local police. There are also other emergency numbers for specific problems, such as the suicide line or the Treatment Centre for Poisoning Cases.
You can call for urgent assistance in the 28 member states of the European Union through the emergency number 112. These member states are: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom and Sweden. In the following countries the emergency number 112 is active as well: Israel, Norway, Russia, Turkey, and Switzerland.
Generally Police Call center politely suggests not to interrupt the operations for sake of other genuine callers and use this facility judiciously, if a considerable number of calls are made to police control room mistakenly or carelessly, this can be taken as nuisance and appropriate legal action can be initiated against the caller.
If you call the emergency services without a valid reason, the operators in the emergency centres cannot take the calls from people who are really in distress. All emergency numbers are, amongst other things because they are free, regularly the victim of "Interrupts". These persons expose themselves to legal action, which may lead to criminal prosecution.
When this message appears, this means that there are interruptions on the mobile phone networks due to circumstances and that temporarily only emergency calls are possible. It certainly doesn't mean that you have to call the number 112 because your mobile phone doesn't work!
The Govt of India took the decision to introduce the emergency number 112, so that people travelling in other States/UTs don't need to know all local emergency numbers. The emergency number 112 is easy to remember and moreover it is the only emergency you need to remember in India. This is important because people confronted with an emergency can be stressed or even in panic.
In India your 112 call temporarily still arrives at an operator of the help centre 112 of the province where you are. Calls to the number 112 for urgent police assistance are redirected by the operator to the Communication and Information Centre of the integrated police (CIC 101). Because of this, valuable time may be wasted. We therefore advise you to directly call the emergency number 101 for urgent police assistance.
At this moment it is not possible to directly contact foreign emergency centres from India. Nor is it possible to call the emergency rooms of the Indian emergency centres from abroad. When you call an emergency number, you are redirected to the nearest emergency centre. When you call 112 in India, depending on where you are, you thus get an operator on the phone from the emergency centre in the region where you are at that moment. When you do wish to contact an emergency centre in a region you are not yourself, you can try to do this best through a contact person (for instance a family member or acquaintance) who is in that region.
When you call the emergency number 112, your call can be recorded or saved. Emergency calls are recorded in order for the persons in charge of emergency stations to be able to listen to these calls again, and help people in need even better. For this reason, recorded phone calls can be saved for one year.